Vision Atlas Resources

World-wide eye care is clearly not the work of just one organisation. There are many, many professional healthworkers, volunteer organisations and dedicated NGOs at the heart of eye health for all, and each has its own set of customised resources. This compilation of tools, websites and documents are the principle resources used around the world.

Compiled by Robin Percy - IAPB

Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB)
This is a rapid survey methodology developed by ICEH and LSHTM to provide data on prevalence and causes of visual loss. It is a population-based survey of visual impairment and eye-care services among people aged 50 years and over. These data are used to design and monitor eye care programmes. More recently a DR component has been added, enabling the survey to measure prevalence of Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy.

RAAB Repository
Findings and data from RAAB surveys are valuable baseline data for planning of intervention programmes to eliminate avoidable blindness, and to measure achievements over time of ongoing intervention programmes. The aim is to bring as many RAAB findings as possible into the public domain, and to provide safe storage for these data. The repository gives detailed information of all features of RAAB and provides a list of all certified RAAB trainers. There are links to the RAAB software and to other websites that are very useful when preparing for a RAAB.

Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group
The Cochrane Eyes and Vision (CEV) is an international network of individuals working to prepare, maintain and promote access to systematic reviews of interventions to treat or prevent eye diseases or visual impairment. Cochrane Reviews investigate the effects of interventions for prevention, treatment and rehabilitation in a healthcare setting. They are designed to facilitate the choices that doctors, patients, policy makers and others face in health care.

IAPB Advocacy Guide and Tool Kit
Effective advocacy is critical to the success of international efforts to realise the objectives of Universal Eye Health: A Global Action Plan 2014–2019 . Only by securing the support of key actors – whether they are local health providers, national governments or their development partners – can Universal Eye Health be realised. This guide aims to explain best-practice advocacy techniques. It also offers tips on useful tools, and provides some real-life examples of successful advocacy in practice.

Eliminating Trachoma: Accelerating Towards 2020 – WHO GET2020 Alliance
The WHO Alliance for the Global Elimination of Trachoma by 2020 has developed a plan of action, Eliminating Trachoma: Accelerating Towards 2020. Prepared by the International Coalition for Trachoma Control, the document outlines what needs to be done to scale up programmes and ensure that people at risk of blindness from Trachoma are not left behind.

WHO NTD Database
WHO led the development of this integrated NTD database to improve evidence-based planning and management of NTD programmes at the national and sub-national levels. The integrated NTD database is free to use and is intended for use by national NTD programme managers, monitoring and evaluation specialists, and/or data managers at the central level of NTD-endemic countries.

International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) – Diabetes Atlas – 7th edition 2015
The IDF Diabetes Atlas, produced in collaboration with global and national health experts, is the foundation and evidence base of IDF’s mission to promote diabetes care, prevention and a cure world-wide. The Atlas draws upon a wealth of global data to clearly articulate global trends on the growth of diabetes and, most importantly, the action that is needed to halt its proliferation.

WHO Eye Care Service Assessment Tool (ECSAT) 2016
The Eye Care Service Assessment Tool (ECSAT) is a WHO tool designed to conduct a comprehensive assessment of eye care services at country and/or district levels by the objectives of the Universal Eye Health: A Global Action Plan 2014–2019. The assessment gives decision makers and other stakeholders an understanding of the gaps and needs for the provision of comprehensive integrated eye-care services and to make evidence-based decisions for efficient use of available resources.

The Eye Health Systems Assessment – EHSA
A consensus is emerging that the effectiveness of eye care interventions can only be improved through better understanding of how health systems function. The EHSA approach developed by ICEH is designed to provide a rapid but comprehensive assessment of key health systems’ functions and how they interact with the eye care system.

WHO: Tool for the Assessment of Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy (TADDS)
This is a newly developed WHO tool for the assessment of Diabetic Retinopathy and diabetes management systems. The tool has been piloted in several countries and is available from WHO. An App for Android tablets has also been developed to allow the tool to be downloaded.

IAPB: Training Institutes
Database – Africa
This site endeavours to provide a comprehensive list of training institutions for Ophthalmologists, Optometrists, Physician and non-Physician Cataract Surgeons and various allied ophthalmic personnel. It documents the location and number of training institutions, the annual capacity to teach students, the annual tuition costs, living expenses, the duration of the training and whom to contact for more accurate information.

WHO Global Report on Diabetes 2016
This report assesses the global burden of diabetes, detailing trends and projections for the future. It reports on prevention and management of diabetes before assessing national capacity for prevention and control. The analysis then leads to a set of recommendations to address this growing health challenge and to act as a guide to reaching the Sustainable Development Goal targets relevant to diabetes.

ICO Guidelines for Diabetic Eye Care 2017
These guidelines provide a supportive and educational role for Ophthalmologists world-wide. They give recommendations for screening and evaluating people with diabetes for potentially blinding eye problems, and provide instructions for treating those with Diabetic Retinopathy and other ocular complications of diabetes.

Diabetes Eye Health: A Guide for Health Professionals
This guide produced by IDF and FHF is a practical resource for health professionals caring for people with diabetes. It aims to raise awareness among health professionals about the growing prevalence of DR, and identifies the key roles and actions healthcare professionals can take in prevention, screening, monitoring, and referral. It points to the important role of health professionals in identifying and facilitating management of DR and the need for collaboration across diabetes, eye and primary health sectors.

VISION 2020 Action Plan 2006–2011
In May 2006, the World Health Assembly adopted Resolution WHA 59.25, ‘Prevention of avoidable blindness and visual impairment’ and created a global mandate for VISION 2020. To comply with this and to monitor progress, WHO and IAPB reviewed and updated the original document to address emerging issues in the prevention of avoidable visual impairment. The resulting Action Plan laid out a clear agenda for the next phase of implementation of VISION 2020, 2006 – 2011.

WHO: Workload Indicators of Staffing Need (WISN)
The Workload Indicators of Staffing Need (WISN) method is a human resource management tool developed by WHO. It provides health managers a systematic way to make staffing decisions in order to manage their valuable human resources well. The latest version of the manual takes into account the now-decentralized nature of health management in many countries. It is thus intended for the wider range of managers working at the different levels in today’s health systems.

IAPB: Guidelines for Eye Health Committees
Universal Eye Health: A Global Action Plan 2014–2019 calls on all countries to establish or maintain co-ordinating mechanisms to oversee and monitor implementation of policies, plans and programmes for eye health. An inclusive committee is the most effective mechanism to provide leadership and governance for blindness prevention at the national level. To support this, IAPB developed this good-practice guide.

IAPB: National Eye Health Co-ordinator Manual
This manual is intended to help National Eye Health
Co-ordinators (NECs) in developing countries to understand and fulfil their roles. Although the text is directed at NECs, much material in the manual will be useful to other members of national committees focussing on eye health and prevention of blindness.

Global Atlas on Trachoma
The Trachoma Atlas is an open-access resource on the geographical distribution of Trachoma. It aims to provide up-to-date maps of the current distribution of Trachoma for use in elimination efforts. Where there have been significant control activities, and pre-/post-survey data is available, a historical baseline prevalence map is included. These maps were developed by several partners including ITI and LSHTM.

The ICO Guidelines for Glaucoma Evaluation and Management
These guidelines summarize core requirements for the appropriate care of open- and closed-angle Glaucoma, and consider low- and intermediate- to high-resource settings.

IAPB Standard List
The IAPB Standard List is an online procurement and budgeting platform specifically developed for eye health service providers in developing countries. It provides advice on what equipment, drugs and consumables are required, recommendations on what to purchase and information on all aspects of procurement.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines
This presents WHO’s list of minimum medicine needs for a basic health care system, covering the most efficacious, safe and cost-effective medicines for priority conditions. These conditions are selected on the basis of current and future public health relevance and potential for safe and cost-effective treatment. There is a complementary list of medicines for priority diseases for which specialist diagnostic or monitoring facilities, and/or specialist medical care, and/or specialist training are needed.

VISION 2020: The Right to Sight
The global initiative known as VISION 2020: the Right to Sight is an established partnership between WHO and IAPB. It was launched in 1999 with the twin aims of eliminating avoidable blindness by the year 2020 and preventing the projected doubling of avoidable visual impairment between 1990 and 2020. This initiative was developed to enable all parties to work in a focused and co-ordinated way to achieve the common goal of eliminating all avoidable blindness.


UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
The Convention is a human rights treaty designed by representatives of the international community to change the way people with disabilities are viewed and treated in their societies. The Convention is intended as a human rights instrument with an explicit, social development dimension. It was the first comprehensive human rights treaty of the 21st century.

WHO Community-Based Rehabilitation Guidelines 2010
These guidelines were developed following the International Consultation to Review Community-based Rehabilitation (CBR) in 2003. They provide guidance on how to develop and strengthen CBR programmes and promote CBR as a strategy for community-based development involving people with disabilities.

The World Report on Disability 2011
The first ever world report on disability, produced jointly by WHO and the World Bank, suggests that more than one billion people, about 15 per cent of the world’s population, live with some form of disability. It synthesises the evidence on how to address the barriers they face in health, rehabilitation, support and assistance, environments, education and employment.
This pioneering report made a significant contribution to implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (qv).

WHO Global Disability Action Plan 2014–2021: Better Health for all People with Disability
Following the publication of the WHO World Report on Disabilities, this action plan was developed based on the evidence in the report and in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (qv). The plan recognises the barriers people with disabilities face, and acknowledges that in order for them to be able to lift themselves out of poverty, their health needs have to be addressed.


WHO Action Plan on Ageing and Health
This Action Plan was adopted by the 69th World Health Assembly in May 2016. The strategy outlines a framework for action that can be taken by all relevant stakeholders across the 15-year period of the Sustainable Development Goals. It also outlines concrete actions that can be taken within this framework during the five-year period 2016–2020.

WHO Report on Ageing and Health 2015
The number of people over the age of 60 is expected to double by 2050 and will require radical societal change. This report maps out a response to ensure that these extra years are healthy, meaningful and dignified by providing a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing.

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